“The root cause of the hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes is high insulin resistance.” ~ Dr. Jason Fung
Diabetes is a Complex Condition
Diabetes is a complex condition with multiple factors contributing to its development.
The top causes of diabetes can be classified into two main types:
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
We will review both in greater detail below.
Top Causes of Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
1. Autoimmune Response
In Type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells (beta cells) in the pancreas.
The exact cause of this autoimmune response is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental triggers, such as viral infections.
Type 2 Diabetes
1. Insulin Resistance
Type 2 diabetes is primarily characterized by insulin resistance, where the body’s cells become less responsive to insulin, leading to elevated blood sugar levels.
The causes of insulin resistance are multifactorial and can include genetic factors, excess body weight, a sedentary lifestyle, poor diet (especially high sugar and refined carbohydrate intake), and chronic inflammation.
2. Genetic Predisposition
Family history and genetics play a role in Type 2 diabetes risk.
Certain gene variants can increase the likelihood of developing insulin resistance and diabetes. However, genetic factors alone cannot cause the condition, and lifestyle factors often interact with a genetic predisposition.
3. Obesity and Excess Weight
Being overweight or obese is a significant risk factor for Type 2 diabetes.
Excess body fat, particularly abdominal fat, contributes to insulin resistance and disrupts glucose regulation.
4. Sedentary Lifestyle
Lack of physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle can increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
Regular exercise helps improve insulin sensitivity, promotes weight management, and contributes to overall metabolic health.
5. Unhealthy Diet
Diets high in processed foods, sugary beverages, unhealthy fats, and refined carbohydrates can contribute to insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes.
Poor dietary choices can lead to weight gain, inflammation, and metabolic imbalances.
It’s important to note that gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy, is another form of diabetes influenced by hormonal changes during pregnancy and typically resolves after childbirth.
Next Steps to Addressing Diabetes
While these factors are associated with the development of diabetes, it’s essential to remember that each individual’s risk and circumstances can vary.
Making positive lifestyle choices, such as maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular physical activity, and following a balanced diet, can help reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
If you have concerns about diabetes or related risk factors, it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance.
You have what it takes inside you to make a definite choice that will change the future trajectory of your health.
Our team at Tiger Medical has the experience, clinical skills, and coaching acumen to help you get your health back and address diabetes at a root level.
To talk to one of our professionals, click here to schedule your call!
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